Easy At-Home troubleshooting & maintenance tips for drip irrigation system

Farming is a source of income for farmers and gardening can be considered to be a hobby. But, in both these activities, one thing that is common is the efforts put in to nurture the plants and the crops. This includes providing them with proper fertilizers and enough water. Many people make use of the water irrigation system for this purpose. This system helps in providing enough amounts of water that the farmer or the gardener thinks the plants need. But, what if the system is not working properly? Will you directly call a technician to work on it?

Before calling a technician you can take a look at the system and try to find out what the problem is. The following guidelines will help you identify the problem and think of a solution for the same.

  1. Filtration:

This is an important task that the irrigation system usually performs. It filters the water before it is sent across to the plants. Thus, debris in the water is stopped by the filter that further passes clear water to the crops or plants. The filter needs regular cleaning that you have to look into. The frequency of cleaning needed depends on how dirty the water is. When you are using a new irrigation system, try removing the screen of the filter and check for the amount of dirt it has.

If there is nothing, you can simply place it back and check after a month. This is how you can determine how frequently you will need to clean the filter.

  1. Drippers:


Drippers need the least amount of maintenance during the entire lifespan of a water irrigation system. There are two main detachable parts of the dripper that can be removed and cleaned under clear water. If there is a lot of dirt on it, you can use an old toothbrush to clean. If you still find it difficult to clean, a dripper can be easily replaced with a new one.

  1. Controllers:

Controllers help in managing the working of the entire system. The batteries need to be checked regular and warmed up during the winters. It is advisable to replace the battery every year to avoid any hindrance in the process of irrigation.

  1. Valves:


Like many other parts of the irrigation system, the valves too need regular cleaning or removing of the dirt that may have settled on them due to the impurities in the water. Valves usually have detachable parts that can be disassembled and cleaned as and when required.

The other things that you might have to look into are the breaking or leaking of the Pressure regulators and the condition of the connectors that are being used. These steps will help you realize the exact problem in the system and help you solve it on your own. If you think that the problem is quite serious, you can look up to a reputed technician to come and do it for you. Along with the irrigation system, if you have a soil moisture monitor in place, make sure you look after that too.

Drip or sprinkler: Which is a best irrigation system to help conserve water?

While people are fond of maintaining lush green lawns and a number of plants around their house, they also need to think of the environmental conditions and concentrate on conserving water. It is true that one cannot maintain the growth of plants without supplying adequate amounts of water to it. But, there are methods and equipments that help in saving the water from getting wasted while it is being used for watering the plants.

Equipments that have been developed to make up the water irrigation systems, devices for soil moisture monitoring and many more can help in preventing the loss of water. There are two main methods that are used to water the lawns and the plants in the garden. They are Dripping and Sprinkling. Both these methods have their own advantages and disadvantages that one needs to know. Let us take a deeper look at each of them.


Dripping is a method that is used in places where the area to be watered is small. It is made up of a pipeline that waters the soil where the roots of the plant are present.

Drip irrigation

The Advantages of Dripping:

  • Avoids wastage of water through evaporation as it is directly passed into the soil.
  • Supplies direct water to the plant roots.
  • Can be used with a timer to note the amount of time for which water has to be passed.
  • They prevent the drying off of soil around the roots.

The Disadvantages of Dripping:

  • It is not suitable for plants spread around a larger area.
  • Installation costs may be higher as it may need pumps or additional pipes to be used in larger areas.
  • Increase the risk of tripping hazards as the pipes are placed over the ground.


Sprinkling is a method that that makes use of sprinklers that are placed underground with the head or the nozzle on top. This is used to water lawns or plants spread out in a larger area.


The Advantages of Sprinklers:

  • Can be used to water a larger area in the garden.
  • Since the sprinklers are placed underground, they do not cause any hindrance for mowing and cutting the grass.
  • They too can be used with timers and soil moisture monitors to make sure adequate amounts of water is provided for the plants to grow.

The Disadvantages of Sprinklers:

  • Water may get evaporated as it is sprayed in the air.
  • They wet the plant foliage which may result into dampness and thus give rise to fungi on the plants.
  • If placed near buildings, they may spoil the siding or the fixtures.

Thus, we have seen that each of these methods has its own set of advantages and disadvantages. The only point that we can think of when we consider conserving of water is that dripping prevents the wastage of water that may be caused due to evaporation. Thus, if we only consider this point, dripping seems to be a better method. But, if we consider the area that it reaches out to, sprinklers are a better option. Thus, one needs to decide the main factor that he wants to think of while installing a system in his garden.

A Guide for the Maintenance of Irrigation Systems

Have you been wondering how to maintain the greenery of the lawns outside your home? Are you simply relying on the water irrigation system that was installed years ago or may be just last year? Is the old irrigation system in good condition? Have you taken a look at it and its working lately? Summer is the time when we all tend to remember that we need to use minimum amount of water to maintain the lawns. This is when we might think of using the water irrigation system. Before you begin using them, you will first need to make sure about a few things that will ensure the proper working of the entire system and thus save water.

  1. The initial Program: You will have to prepare conditions that will help you supply proper amounts of water. The settings need to be done earlier keeping in mind the unexpected seasonal rainfall that may occur.
  2. Clear the Sprinkler heads: If your system is unused for a longer time, there are chances that stones, dried leaves and debris may get settled on the sprinkler heads. Make sure you remove all the hindrances so that there is even distribution of water in the areas within the range of the sprinkler.
  3. Replace cracked or broken nozzles: Nozzles and Sprinklers are actually made strong enough so that they can bear any levels of wear and tear. But, unavoidable problems such as the grass mower, a dog or a few curious children may harm the nozzle. A broken or a cracked nozzle or a sprinkler will cause havoc on the lawns and also the water bills. Thus, it is important to keep a watch on any such damaged parts and replace them whenever needed.
  4. Perform the “Can Test”: This test states that we will need to place a few tin cans or paper cups at a certain distance from the sprinkler. Let the water flow. After some time, observe the levels of the water in the cans or the cups. If they all contain similar amount of water, that means your sprinklers are working fine. If not, you will need to make sure that the settings are proper.
  5. Use Soil Moisture Monitoring: Although irrigation systems prevent the wastage of water, Moisture monitoring systems will help in checking the actual water content in the soil and will state how much more water needs to be supplied.

These tips will not only help in maintaining the lush green lawns, but will also help in saving the water that may get wasted during summer. Devices used for soil moisture monitoring will not only help save water, but also help in preventing the overwatering of lawns and will enhance the working of the irrigation system.

Water Irrigation Systems: Care for Your Landscape with These Tips


Landscapes are the most important things that we have to look into. Keeping the plants and lawns fresh and green by supplying them with adequate amounts of water without wasting this important resource is important. We should adopt methods that will help keep our grass look greener and also avoid higher water bills and prevent water wastage. A few methods that will help us do so are:

  1. Water the Plants in the Morning: Watering plants early in the morning before the sun is bright, will help prevent the water from being absorbed by the heat in the atmosphere. It is the time when the sun has not yet reached its peak and thus will help the water to reach deep into the soil.
  2. Use appropriate Water Irrigation Systems: People usually install irrigation systems in gardens and lawns. This will help supply enough water to the plants without wasting even a bit of it. There are various irrigation systems that can be used to water the plants in different ways. Select the best ones that suit you and make appropriate settings for the same.
  3. Make use of Soil Moisture Sensors: There are a number of sensors that are manufactured for soil moisture monitoring. They do not only monitor the moisture of the soil, but also help in detecting the temperature and the ph of the soil. These sensors are best solutions to detect the amount of water needed to be supplied in a garden and also the time intervals after which it should be supplied.
  4. Select Appropriate Plants: There are a number of plants that are considered to be the staple growth of that region. Prefer plants that are usually found growing around in your locality. This may prevent the need to prepare the soil for plants that need some additional nutrients or climatic conditions. It will be easier to manage plants that are used to growing in such an environment.
  5. Maintain the Irrigation Systems: It is true that installation of an irrigation system will help in watering the plants on time. But, it is also important to maintain these systems as a minute problem may also cause them to malfunction. You cannot afford keeping your plants dry for a longer time and neither can you afford to waste water to keep it flowing.

These are the five basic watering tips that can help you keep your landscape green as ever without the wastage of water. You can thus adopt these simpler methods and save you plants from drying and the water from getting wasted. Keep your Grass greener and your Water Bills Lower!

Hornet – Gardening Gadget for Plant Monitors

With the increasing heat and dryness in the air of Australia, it has become a necessity to adapt to changes that will help us save plants and vegetation and also reduce the amount of water that is needed. Although, most of us have water irrigation systems installed that help watering plants in the garden and the farms, it is necessary to install devices that would help us keep control over the water that is being used. Such a system is the soil moisture monitoring system that will help monitor the soil moisture levels and determine the amount of water that is needed.

This slideshow requires JavaScript.

The hornet, a device that is developed to monitor the moisture of the soil, helps in determining the exact amounts of water that the plant would need. This helps prevent over or under watering of plants. It also helps in managing the frequency of irrigation and controls the supply of water keeping the turf fresh and green without over watering.

Let us take a look at the features of the Hornet– The perfect Soil Moisture Monitoring System.

  1. Simple design and working: It is made up of a soil moisture probe and a water proof logger. The logger is compact and is almost of the size of a mobile phone. It does not need those complex installation steps and lengthy cables or mains that may be very expensive. The hornet simply works on a single lithium ion battery that lasts longer.
  2. Advanced Hardware: The hornet is made using the most advanced hardware features that make it robust. It can be used to determine the salinity, temperature and the moisture of the soil 40cms below ground level. The probe is connected to a logger that is placed under the turf surface. It helps detect the salinity of soil and also the flow of fertilizers. The hornet can also be used to detect the temperature of the soil that will help in scheduling the time to put herbicides and fertilizers. The logger notes the data and sends it over a mobile network to the website. This data can be viewed using any device having internet access.
  3. Advanced Software: The software is a well built system that not only displays the results of the soil moisture , but also compares it with the past records. The main features of the software are:
  • Unlimited and secure logins for clients and users.
  • User friendly and can be altered to suit a specific use.
  • Easily understandable graphs that show salinity, temperature and soil moisture.
  • Low costs for website hosting.

Thus, we know that using a simple hornet will help us in so many different ways without any difficulty. The device is quite user friendly and can be used by anyone having the basic knowledge about its working. It has till now, proved to be the best soil moisture monitoring system that has been helping save water, fertilizers and also keep the plants fresh and green without over watering.

How Soil Moisture Measuring Helps In Crop Growth

If you have been dealing with crop production and farming, you must be aware of irrigation farming and have perhaps heard about soil moisture monitoring as well. If you are wondering about what this is all about and how it will help in crop production, in general, listed below are some details.
Irrigation farming is all about applying water to a crop to supplement the water requirements, which are not fulfilled by rain, so that maximum yield is given a boost and the plant product is grown according to the planning. Knowing how much water is required to apply and when to do that well in advance is extremely important as it helps in effective water management practices. Even before we consider the need of installing soil moisture sensor in a soil, it is important to have a thorough knowledge of the importance of water for plant production.
There has been enough research material about the relation between soil moisture condition and plant response. It must be kept in mind that the various stages of growth like flower-bud initiation, vegetative growth or fruit development etc. need varying soil moisture conditions and each stage of growth affects the total growth and yield of the overall crop.
While planning the watering regime for a crop, based on which soil moisture meter and different soil moisture devices can be installed, it is advisable to have a clear understanding of the various growth stages and the varying water requirement of the crop at each stage so that maximum yield of good quality can be achieved. With some type of plants, any one of the stages is more influential than the other ones. For example, if the flowering stage of a crop, during which fruits are marketed, is more influential, then the watering must be done with special care during this phase, than that of the others. Again, with perennial crops, the cropping efficiency and future growth of a plant has to be safeguarded during all the stages with equal care, and the plants must be prevented from drought conditions. Maintaining the perfect soil moisture condition, especially during the moisture sensitive stages of growth, is extremely important as it has an immensely beneficial effect on the growth of plants. If the water supply is restricted during the moisture sensitive stages, it might result in reductions in yield because even if you provide adequate water at the other stages, it won’t be able to compensate the harm that is already caused. For these reasons, installing a soil moisture sensor is considered to be a must-do these days.
It is mandatory to install a soil moisture meter in all types of crop production farms as it affects the internal water relations to a great extent. Whether it is a perennial plant or an annual one, there is a significant change in terms of the internal water relations during the stages of vegetative growth and reproductive development. Sometimes, lowering the water content might be favorable for flower-bud initiation. Again, floral organs are highly sensitive to water stress. Shortage of water might result in reduced sterility, defective floral organs, failure of flowers to open and reduced number of flowers formed. It should also be noted that mineral nutrition of plants and soil moisture status are interrelated. Good amount of rainfall or irrigation at a particular growth stage might facilitate the nutrient uptake by plant roots as the availability of nutrients will be increased or suitable conditions for root activity in the nutrient rich top soil will be provided.
By using a soil moisture meter, you can evaluate the crop water needs and ensure controlled irrigation, which in turn will give you an optimal yield.

How Soil Moisture Monitoring helps in Agriculture Irrigation Management

Soil moisture Meter
The process of measuring the percentage of water substance in the soil is called Soil Moisture Monitoring. This is not done by hand, there is a special device that does the job, it’s called a Soil Moisture Meter, after the earth worm, this device is the farmer’s second best friend. This device helps the cultivator to determine the amount of water present in the land, so that he/she can decide on how much water could and should be supplied to the plants in order for them to grow perfectly. This also ensures that the maximum number of plants grow to a full age, with full health of course.
Whatever type of farmer he/she might be, having this in their arsenal will definitely be worth it. Not just for farmers, people with gardens can also use the Soil Moisture Sensor to ensure their plants grow healthily. When you come to think of it, a device that can help so much will definitely cost a lot. That’s the initial reaction of all the people who first hear about the benefits of this equipment. However, this is not exactly true; this little gizmo costs hardly $30 and is extremely easy to use for anybody.
The Soil Moisture Meter comes it different shapes and sizes, and a surprising fact is, if you know a little bit of electronics, you can make one yourself. You need a 100 Kilo Ohm Potentiometer, NPN 3904 Transistor, one mega Ohm Potentiometer, 2.2 Kilo Ohm Resistor, Galvanometer and Sensor Probes. Collect these items and log on to the internet, you’ll find plenty of walk-throughs which will show you step by step on how to build it.
Generally this piece of equipment is really important for a commercial farmer. These farmers grow everything on a large scale, and grow various forms of grains and vegetables at the same time, although this is a very good thing, it can sometimes get really confusing. As you already know each and every crop requires different quantity of water, some require less, some more and some average. Obviously a commercial grower will have water Irrigation systems installed all over the land, which automatically sprinkles water to the whole field.
This can be a problem if the farmer doesn’t really know if the plants have been already watered or not, too dry or too much water can kill the plants which are not an option for a commercial farmer. The device comes to the rescue in these times, so once the farmer knows how much water the soil has, he/she can just pour in the required amount. This ensures the maximum number of plants to survive and grow into healthy adulthood, now you know how this small device can make a huge difference in the farming world.

Basic Principles of Water Irrigation Systems

Before we discuss the various types of water irrigation system available, let us first discuss what irrigation basically mean?
Irrigation can be scientifically defined as the artificial way of applying water to the land or soil. They are basically used on farms to assist growing crops, and are also used in re-vegetation of disturbed soils in dry and hot areas, may be when a particular region is facing a drought. Irrigation can also be defined as the practice of transporting water from one location to the other location under drought. They are usually used on farms to water crops, at home to water gardens and lawns.

The water irrigation system was invented thousands of years ago. Back then, irrigation was done by attentively placed channel and they depend upon the gravity power to push the water. Most of the locations still use this ancient technique.
The main factor a farmer has to think of is how efficiently he can make use of water resource availability. If there is no sufficient water then it results in dead and dry fields while more water can lead to soil erosion and hence destroy the crops. So the farmer has to plan carefully before he starts cultivation.
Most of the farmers make use of modern water irrigation system these days. Some of them are given below.
  • Surface irrigation: In this method, one has to rely on gravitational power to push the water from one location to another. In such extreme cases where gravitational power cannot push the water into the required location, pumps can be used as an alternative.
  •  Seepage Irrigation: It is a type of irrigation, where crops get water from underground resources. These types of irrigation can be expected in such places where there high water table exists.
  • Sprinkler Irrigation: It is a type of irrigation where the water is passed through a series of pipes and then sprinkled over the crops. These sprinklers will be made rotational so that equal amount of water can be sprayed.
  • Drip irrigation system: It is a typical irrigation system, where as the name suggests water falls on the crop drop by drop over the roots directly.

The ancient method of soil probe and feel method to know the moisture content in the soil have been replaced by the new technology called as the soil moisture meter. This instrument determines the moisture level in the soil and hence helps us in efficiently managing water

Uses of Soil Moisture Meter in Agriculture


Moisture is very important for any kind of soil  in order to for good crops. Soil moisture meter is a device which is used to measure the percentage of water content present in the soil. Soil moisture meter is an essential device for any person involved in the field of agriculture and its related fields. This device can measure the moisture content present in the soil and thus give the person an idea of how much amount of water need to be supplied to the plants that are grown at that time. This ensures healthy growth of the plants.Any farmer involved in agriculture or any person who maintains a garden can have a soil moisture meter to measure the humidity of the soil. It is not very costly and is quite a user friendly device for anyone to use it efficiently. When put to use, this device shows different ranges of water content in the soil by color indicators and each color denoting a particular range.There are various models available for the meter and each one of them work on a different principle. There are meters which use electrical resistance blocks and thermal dissipation blocks. A farmer uses a sensor called the electrical resistance block and the latter temperature sensors.

Commercial farmers grow different types of crops on a very large scale. They cannot afford to bear huge losses. For the plants give a better yield  and generate more profit,  maintaining a healthy soil and environment are the main criteria  that should be made available. One of the factors that determines soil health is its dampness. It is very important to monitor the dampness  throughout the life of the plant to make sure that the right amount of water is supplied when it is dry and follow a dry period if the soil dampness has increased sue to some reasons.

Soil moisture meter is a must have device for for any person involved in agriculture or any related field as this device guides  how much and when to water the plants to ensure their healthful development continuity.