Drip or sprinkler: Which is a best irrigation system to help conserve water?

While people are fond of maintaining lush green lawns and a number of plants around their house, they also need to think of the environmental conditions and concentrate on conserving water. It is true that one cannot maintain the growth of plants without supplying adequate amounts of water to it. But, there are methods and equipments that help in saving the water from getting wasted while it is being used for watering the plants.

Equipments that have been developed to make up the water irrigation systems, devices for soil moisture monitoring and many more can help in preventing the loss of water. There are two main methods that are used to water the lawns and the plants in the garden. They are Dripping and Sprinkling. Both these methods have their own advantages and disadvantages that one needs to know. Let us take a deeper look at each of them.

Dripping

Dripping is a method that is used in places where the area to be watered is small. It is made up of a pipeline that waters the soil where the roots of the plant are present.

Drip irrigation

The Advantages of Dripping:

  • Avoids wastage of water through evaporation as it is directly passed into the soil.
  • Supplies direct water to the plant roots.
  • Can be used with a timer to note the amount of time for which water has to be passed.
  • They prevent the drying off of soil around the roots.

The Disadvantages of Dripping:

  • It is not suitable for plants spread around a larger area.
  • Installation costs may be higher as it may need pumps or additional pipes to be used in larger areas.
  • Increase the risk of tripping hazards as the pipes are placed over the ground.

Sprinkling

Sprinkling is a method that that makes use of sprinklers that are placed underground with the head or the nozzle on top. This is used to water lawns or plants spread out in a larger area.

Sprinkler-irrigation-system

The Advantages of Sprinklers:

  • Can be used to water a larger area in the garden.
  • Since the sprinklers are placed underground, they do not cause any hindrance for mowing and cutting the grass.
  • They too can be used with timers and soil moisture monitors to make sure adequate amounts of water is provided for the plants to grow.

The Disadvantages of Sprinklers:

  • Water may get evaporated as it is sprayed in the air.
  • They wet the plant foliage which may result into dampness and thus give rise to fungi on the plants.
  • If placed near buildings, they may spoil the siding or the fixtures.

Thus, we have seen that each of these methods has its own set of advantages and disadvantages. The only point that we can think of when we consider conserving of water is that dripping prevents the wastage of water that may be caused due to evaporation. Thus, if we only consider this point, dripping seems to be a better method. But, if we consider the area that it reaches out to, sprinklers are a better option. Thus, one needs to decide the main factor that he wants to think of while installing a system in his garden.

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