How Soil Moisture Measuring Helps In Crop Growth

If you have been dealing with crop production and farming, you must be aware of irrigation farming and have perhaps heard about soil moisture monitoring as well. If you are wondering about what this is all about and how it will help in crop production, in general, listed below are some details.
Irrigation farming is all about applying water to a crop to supplement the water requirements, which are not fulfilled by rain, so that maximum yield is given a boost and the plant product is grown according to the planning. Knowing how much water is required to apply and when to do that well in advance is extremely important as it helps in effective water management practices. Even before we consider the need of installing soil moisture sensor in a soil, it is important to have a thorough knowledge of the importance of water for plant production.
There has been enough research material about the relation between soil moisture condition and plant response. It must be kept in mind that the various stages of growth like flower-bud initiation, vegetative growth or fruit development etc. need varying soil moisture conditions and each stage of growth affects the total growth and yield of the overall crop.
While planning the watering regime for a crop, based on which soil moisture meter and different soil moisture devices can be installed, it is advisable to have a clear understanding of the various growth stages and the varying water requirement of the crop at each stage so that maximum yield of good quality can be achieved. With some type of plants, any one of the stages is more influential than the other ones. For example, if the flowering stage of a crop, during which fruits are marketed, is more influential, then the watering must be done with special care during this phase, than that of the others. Again, with perennial crops, the cropping efficiency and future growth of a plant has to be safeguarded during all the stages with equal care, and the plants must be prevented from drought conditions. Maintaining the perfect soil moisture condition, especially during the moisture sensitive stages of growth, is extremely important as it has an immensely beneficial effect on the growth of plants. If the water supply is restricted during the moisture sensitive stages, it might result in reductions in yield because even if you provide adequate water at the other stages, it won’t be able to compensate the harm that is already caused. For these reasons, installing a soil moisture sensor is considered to be a must-do these days.
It is mandatory to install a soil moisture meter in all types of crop production farms as it affects the internal water relations to a great extent. Whether it is a perennial plant or an annual one, there is a significant change in terms of the internal water relations during the stages of vegetative growth and reproductive development. Sometimes, lowering the water content might be favorable for flower-bud initiation. Again, floral organs are highly sensitive to water stress. Shortage of water might result in reduced sterility, defective floral organs, failure of flowers to open and reduced number of flowers formed. It should also be noted that mineral nutrition of plants and soil moisture status are interrelated. Good amount of rainfall or irrigation at a particular growth stage might facilitate the nutrient uptake by plant roots as the availability of nutrients will be increased or suitable conditions for root activity in the nutrient rich top soil will be provided.
By using a soil moisture meter, you can evaluate the crop water needs and ensure controlled irrigation, which in turn will give you an optimal yield.
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How Soil Moisture Monitoring helps in Agriculture Irrigation Management


Soil moisture Meter
The process of measuring the percentage of water substance in the soil is called Soil Moisture Monitoring. This is not done by hand, there is a special device that does the job, it’s called a Soil Moisture Meter, after the earth worm, this device is the farmer’s second best friend. This device helps the cultivator to determine the amount of water present in the land, so that he/she can decide on how much water could and should be supplied to the plants in order for them to grow perfectly. This also ensures that the maximum number of plants grow to a full age, with full health of course.
Whatever type of farmer he/she might be, having this in their arsenal will definitely be worth it. Not just for farmers, people with gardens can also use the Soil Moisture Sensor to ensure their plants grow healthily. When you come to think of it, a device that can help so much will definitely cost a lot. That’s the initial reaction of all the people who first hear about the benefits of this equipment. However, this is not exactly true; this little gizmo costs hardly $30 and is extremely easy to use for anybody.
The Soil Moisture Meter comes it different shapes and sizes, and a surprising fact is, if you know a little bit of electronics, you can make one yourself. You need a 100 Kilo Ohm Potentiometer, NPN 3904 Transistor, one mega Ohm Potentiometer, 2.2 Kilo Ohm Resistor, Galvanometer and Sensor Probes. Collect these items and log on to the internet, you’ll find plenty of walk-throughs which will show you step by step on how to build it.
Generally this piece of equipment is really important for a commercial farmer. These farmers grow everything on a large scale, and grow various forms of grains and vegetables at the same time, although this is a very good thing, it can sometimes get really confusing. As you already know each and every crop requires different quantity of water, some require less, some more and some average. Obviously a commercial grower will have water Irrigation systems installed all over the land, which automatically sprinkles water to the whole field.
This can be a problem if the farmer doesn’t really know if the plants have been already watered or not, too dry or too much water can kill the plants which are not an option for a commercial farmer. The device comes to the rescue in these times, so once the farmer knows how much water the soil has, he/she can just pour in the required amount. This ensures the maximum number of plants to survive and grow into healthy adulthood, now you know how this small device can make a huge difference in the farming world.

Basic Principles of Water Irrigation Systems


Before we discuss the various types of water irrigation system available, let us first discuss what irrigation basically mean?
Irrigation can be scientifically defined as the artificial way of applying water to the land or soil. They are basically used on farms to assist growing crops, and are also used in re-vegetation of disturbed soils in dry and hot areas, may be when a particular region is facing a drought. Irrigation can also be defined as the practice of transporting water from one location to the other location under drought. They are usually used on farms to water crops, at home to water gardens and lawns.


The water irrigation system was invented thousands of years ago. Back then, irrigation was done by attentively placed channel and they depend upon the gravity power to push the water. Most of the locations still use this ancient technique.
The main factor a farmer has to think of is how efficiently he can make use of water resource availability. If there is no sufficient water then it results in dead and dry fields while more water can lead to soil erosion and hence destroy the crops. So the farmer has to plan carefully before he starts cultivation.
Most of the farmers make use of modern water irrigation system these days. Some of them are given below.
  • Surface irrigation: In this method, one has to rely on gravitational power to push the water from one location to another. In such extreme cases where gravitational power cannot push the water into the required location, pumps can be used as an alternative.
  •  Seepage Irrigation: It is a type of irrigation, where crops get water from underground resources. These types of irrigation can be expected in such places where there high water table exists.
  • Sprinkler Irrigation: It is a type of irrigation where the water is passed through a series of pipes and then sprinkled over the crops. These sprinklers will be made rotational so that equal amount of water can be sprayed.
  • Drip irrigation system: It is a typical irrigation system, where as the name suggests water falls on the crop drop by drop over the roots directly.

The ancient method of soil probe and feel method to know the moisture content in the soil have been replaced by the new technology called as the soil moisture meter. This instrument determines the moisture level in the soil and hence helps us in efficiently managing water

Uses of Soil Moisture Meter in Agriculture

 


Moisture is very important for any kind of soil  in order to for good crops. Soil moisture meter is a device which is used to measure the percentage of water content present in the soil. Soil moisture meter is an essential device for any person involved in the field of agriculture and its related fields. This device can measure the moisture content present in the soil and thus give the person an idea of how much amount of water need to be supplied to the plants that are grown at that time. This ensures healthy growth of the plants.Any farmer involved in agriculture or any person who maintains a garden can have a soil moisture meter to measure the humidity of the soil. It is not very costly and is quite a user friendly device for anyone to use it efficiently. When put to use, this device shows different ranges of water content in the soil by color indicators and each color denoting a particular range.There are various models available for the meter and each one of them work on a different principle. There are meters which use electrical resistance blocks and thermal dissipation blocks. A farmer uses a sensor called the electrical resistance block and the latter temperature sensors.

Commercial farmers grow different types of crops on a very large scale. They cannot afford to bear huge losses. For the plants give a better yield  and generate more profit,  maintaining a healthy soil and environment are the main criteria  that should be made available. One of the factors that determines soil health is its dampness. It is very important to monitor the dampness  throughout the life of the plant to make sure that the right amount of water is supplied when it is dry and follow a dry period if the soil dampness has increased sue to some reasons.

Soil moisture meter is a must have device for for any person involved in agriculture or any related field as this device guides  how much and when to water the plants to ensure their healthful development continuity.